Food Security Monitoring bulletin INDONESIA (Vol. 8 - November 2017)

  • Mohammad Ridwan
  • 14 Nov 2017

SUMMARY OF THIS VOLUME:

Climate

During the dry season, Indonesia experienced a combination of both above and below normal rains. Meanwhile, some parts of the country were affected by an unusually high number of floods and landslides, while southern parts of Indonesia experienced prolonged dry spells that led to localised drought. In October, the rainy season started in most parts of the country, but pockets of drought remained across NTT and NTB. Below normal rainfall across southern Indonesia was particularly significant for the island of Java, the country's rice-production centre, as dry season planting (September in particular) was lower than average. Over the next three months, normal to above normal rains are expected, creating favourable conditions for planting, but also increasing the risk of floods, landslides and associated losses, damages and impact.

Special Focus: Fruits and vegetables

Surprisingly, in spite of sufficient supply, Indonesians do not consume enough fruits and vegetables. Over the last 5 years, according to BPS data, the consumption has in fact further declined, now reaching less than a half of the minimum recommended consumption levels. The current production meets the consumption levels, however would have to increase, if Indonesians were to eat the recommended intake of fruits and vegetables. This represents an opportunity for horticulture farmers to meet the demand, especially if supply chain inefficiencies can be addressed. In terms of access to fruits and vegetables, poorer Indonesians eat less fruits and vegetables than wealthier Indonesians. In addition, there is a widening consumption gap between the poorer and wealthier Indonesians in the last 5 years, with the consumption levels of the poorer Indonesians declining rapidly, while this is less apparent among the middle- to high-expenditure groups. This indicates affordability is a key barrier for sufficient fruit and vegetable consumption for the poorer Indonesians. Nevertheless, even wealthier Indonesians still do not eat sufficient quantities of fruits and vegetables.

Recommendations

Climate:

  • Preparedness for floods and landslides as the country enters the rainy season
Fruits and vegetables:
  • Ensure access to fruits and vegetables by poor Indonesians through existing social safety nets, e.g. BPNT
  • Raise awareness of the importance of fruit and vegetable consumption
  • Address inefficiencies in fruit and vegetable supply chain
  • Ensure reliable data on fruit and vegetable supply and demand is available for improved monitoring


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