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History of Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysics Agency

The history of meteorology and geophysics observations in Indonesia began in year 1841, when Dr. Onnen, Chief Of Bogor Hospital began conducting his own personal meteorological observations. As the need for weather information and geophysics data increased, the Magnetisch en Meterologisch Observatorium, or Magnetic and Meteorological Observatory, was established by the Dutch colonial government in 1866. This new government agency was led by Dr. Bergsma.
In 1879, a rain gauge network with 74 observation stations was constructed in Java. Earthquake observations began in 1908 with the installation of a horizontal component Wiechert seismograph in Jakarta; the vertical component was later added in 1928. The organization’s meteorological services continued to expand through the 1930s. During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia from 1942-1945, the meteorology and geophysics agency was renamed Kisho Kauso Kusho.
After the proclamation of Indonesian independence in 1945, the agency was divided into two branches, one in Yogyakarta and the other in Jakarta. In Yogyakarta, the Meteorology Bureau was formed within the Supreme Headquarters of Indonesian People's Army (Tentara Rakyat Indonesia), specifically to serve the interests of the Air Force. In Jakarta, the Meteorology and Geophysics Department was established under the Ministry of Public Works and Energy.
On July 21, 1947 the Meteorology and Geophysics Department was taken over by the Dutch Government and renamed Meteorologisch en Geofisiche Dienst. Meanwhile, a separate Meteorology and Geophysics Department was maintained by the Government of Indonesia with offices on Gondangdia Street, Jakarta.
In 1949, after transfer of Indonesia’s sovereignty from the Netherlands, Meteorologisch en Geofisiche Dienst was reconverted to the Meteorology and Geophysics Department under the Ministry of Transportation and Public Works.
In 1950, Indonesia was officially entered as a member of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Chief of the Meteorology and Geophysics Department became a permanent representative for Indonesia with the WMO.
During the 1950s and 60s, the agency underwent several name and departmental changes before becoming the Center of Meteorology and Geophysics, an Echelon II level agency under the Department of Transportation. It was raised to Echelon I status in 1980 but remained under the Department of Transportation. In 2002, following Presidential Decree Numbers 46 and 48, the organizational structure was changed to an independent, non-departmental government institution (Lembaga Permerintah Non Departemen, LPND).
Finally, through Presidential Regulation Number 61 in year 2008, the Meteorology and Geophysics Agency became its current iteration, the Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency, with permanent status as a non-departmental government institution. On October 1, 2009 the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 31 Year 2009 (UU RI No. 31 Tahun 2009) regarding the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics was been approved by the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. (download Description of UU RI No. 31 Tahun 2009)

        


 

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Capital City of Indonesia Forecast
20 April 2014

Medan

Light Rain
Light Rain
23 - 34 °C

Samarinda

Light Rain
Light Rain
25 - 33 °C

Manado

Cloudy
Cloudy
23 - 32 °C

Jayapura

Moderate Rain
Moderate Rain
23 - 32 °C

Denpasar

Light Rain
Light Rain
23 - 32 °C

Jakarta

Moderate Rain
Moderate Rain
24 - 34 °C
 
Capital City of Indonesia Forecast
20 April 2014

Padang

Moderate Rain
Moderate Rain
23 - 31 °C

Pontianak

Light Rain
Light Rain
23 - 33 °C

Makassar

Light Rain
Light Rain
24 - 33 °C

Ambon

Light Rain
Light Rain
24 - 31 °C

Yogyakarta

Light Rain
Light Rain
23 - 32 °C

Surabaya

Light Rain
Light Rain
24 - 33 °C
 
Latest Earthquake
20 April 2014 15:43:48 WIB
Location :0.54 N-98.26 E
Depth : 10 Km
50 km SouthEast NIASSELATAN-SUMUT
does not generate TSUNAMI
 
Felt Earthquake
Date20/04/2014-15:43:48 UTC+7
Magnitude5.5 RS
Depth10 Km
Location0.54 N 98.26 E
Information:
The quake's epicenter was at sea 50 km Southeast Nias South
Felt (MMI):
II-III Gunung Sitoli, II-III Madina Natal,
 

 


 

Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysical Agency - Copyright 2010
Head Office : Jl. Angkasa 1 No.2, Kemayoran, Jakarta Pusat - Indonesia , Phone. +62 21-4246321